Bibliography: Part II A. Syntax

1. Introductory texts

  • Carnie, Andrew. 2013. Syntax. A Generative Introduction. 3rd edition. Wiley-Blackwell.
    Clearly-written, mainly focusing on transformational theory.  The companion website,, also contains a glossary and some discussion of nontransformational theories.
  • Falk, Yehuda. 2001.  Lexical Functional Grammar: An Introduction to Parallel Constraint-Based Syntax.  CSLI.
    Introduces Lexical Functional Grammar; targeted at readers with some background in transformational (especially GB) theory.
  • Haegeman, Liliane.  1994. Introduction to Government and Binding Theory.  2nd ed. Wiley-Blackwell.
    A classic introduction to GB theory.
  • Kroeger, Paul R. 2005. Analyzing syntax: A lexical-functional approach. CUP.
    Presents the fundamentals of Lexical Functional Grammar in a clear and engaging manner, but in an unusual (and nonstandard) formal format.
  • Kuiper, Koenraad and Jacqui Nokes. 2013, Theories of Syntax: Concepts and case studies. Palgrave Macmillan, London.
    Explores syntactic phenomena and four theories of syntax.
  • Tallerman, Maggie. 2014. Understanding Syntax. 4th edition. Routledge.
    Very basic, useful for students with no syntactic background at all.
  • Van Valin, Robert.  2001.  An introduction to syntax.  CUP.
    Includes examples from a wide variety of languages.

2. Specialized texts and research works

  • Adger, David. 2003.  Core Syntax. A minimalist approach. OUP.
    An introduction to Minimalism.
  • Bresnan, Joan, Ash Asudeh, Ida Toivonen, and Stephen Wechsler. 2016. Lexical-Functional Syntax. 2nd edition. Wiley-Blackwell.
    High-level introduction to Lexical Functional Grammar.
  • Chomsky, Noam. 1957. Syntactic Structures. Mouton.
    The founding volume for generative syntax.
  • Chomsky, Noam. 1993. Lectures on Government and Binding. Mouton de Gruyter.
    The inaugural volume of GB theory.
  • Chomsky, Noam. 1995. The Minimalist Program. MIT Press.
    Chomsky’s lecture notes from 1993-95.
  • Croft, William. 2001. Radical Construction Grammar: Syntactic Theory in Typological Perspective.  OUP.
    A functionally oriented approach to syntactic theory.
  • Culicover, Peter W. and Ray Jackendoff.  2005.  Simpler Syntax.  OUP.
    An introduction to the Simpler Syntax hypothesis, a nontransformational approach to grammatical theory.
  • Dalrymple, Mary. 2001. Lexical Functional Grammar. Academic Press.
    A comprehensive overview of Lexical Functional theory, including syntax and semantics.
  • Pavey, Emma L. 2010. The Structure of Language: An Introduction to Grammatical Analysis.  CUP.
    An introduction to Role and Reference Grammar.
  • Sag, Ivan, Wasow, Thomas and Bender, Emily. 2003.   Syntactic Theory: A Formal Introduction.  2nd edition. CSLI.
    A well-organized introduction to Head-Driven Phrase Structure Grammar.
  • Steedman, Mark. 2001. The syntactic process. MIT Press.
    Overview and introduction to Combinatory Categorial Grammar.

3. Reference


  • Baltin, Mark and C. Collins.  2000. Handbook of Contemporary Syntactic Theory. Blackwell.
  • Carnie, Andrew, Dan Siddiqi, and Yosuke Sato. 2014. The Routledge Handbook of Syntax. London.
  • Cinque, Guglielmo and Richard Kayne. 2004. Oxford Handbook of Comparative Syntax. Oxford.

Reference grammars for English:

  • Biber, Douglas, Susan Conrad, and Geoffrey Leech. 2002. Grammar of Spoken and Written English. Longman.
  • Huddleston, Rodney and Pullum, Geoffrey. 2002. Cambridge Grammar of the English Language. CUP.
  • Quirk, Randolph, Sidney Greenbaum, Geoffrey Leech, and Jan Svartvik. 1972. A Grammar of Contemporary English. Longman, Harlow.
  • Quirk, Randolph and Sidney Greenbaum. 1973. A University Grammar of English. Longman. Short version of the above.

4. Journals

  • @ Linguistic Inquiry. Syntax and Phonology, MIT style.
  • @Natural Language and Linguistic Theory. Syntax, including novel descriptive work. Some phonology.
  • Lingua.  Syntax and Phonology.
  • Language and Linguistics Compass.  Surveys of current research topics.
  • The Linguistic Review. Syntax and Phonology.
  • Linguistic Typology. Typologically oriented work on syntax and other areas.
  • Rivista di Linguistica. Thematic issues. Syntax, phonology, phonetics and occasionally other.
  • Theoretical Linguistics. Syntax and Phonology.
  • Probus.  Comparative Romance linguistics, generative syntax.
  • Linguistic Analysis. Syntax and Phonology.
  • Cahiers Linguistiques d’Ottawa. Syntax and Phonology.
  • @The Journal of Comparative Germanic Linguistics. Generative syntax and phonology.
  • @Journal of East Asian Linguistics. Generative syntax and phonology.
  • @Word Structure. Syntax and Morphology.

5. Working Papers and Conference Proceedings

General conferences and working papers series always include papers in both syntax and phonology, almost always some in semantics, and often contain papers in mathematical linguistics, computational linguistics, pragmatics, and language acquisition. Those listed below are useful, therefore, outside syntax proper. Only specialized conferences are listed in subsequent sections of this bibliography. Besides working papers, many institutions distribute bound copies of their doctoral dissertations at low prices. Some of these, and some of the works listed below, are available in the Centre for Linguistics and Philology.

  • MIT Working Papers in Linguistics (MITWPL)
  • University of Massachusetts Occasional Papers in Linguistics (UMOP)
  • Proceedings of the Berkeley Linguistics Society (BLS).
  • Proceedings of the Chicago Linguistics Society (CLS)
  • Proceedings of the West Coast Conference in Formal Linguistics (WCCFL)
  • Proceedings of the North East Linguistic Society (NELS)
  • Proceedings of the Formal Linguistics Society of Mid-America (FLSM)
  • Proceedings of the Eastern States Conference on Linguistics (ESCOL)
  • On-Line Proceedings of the LFG and HPSG Conferences
  • MIT Lexicon Project Working Papers
  • MIT Occasional Papers in Linguistics
  • CSLI Occasional Papers, Stanford University
  • Proceedings of the Conference of Generative Linguists of the Old World (GLOW)
  • University College London Working Papers in Linguistics and Phonetics
  • York Papers in Linguistics
  • School of Oriental and African Studies Working Papers in Linguistics
  • Cornell University Occasional Papers in Linguistics
  • Rutgers University Occasional Papers in Cognitive Science
  • Catalan Working Papers in Linguistics
  • UCLA Occasional Papers in Linguistics
  • Oxford University Working Papers in Linguistics, Philology and Phonetics
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